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Percent of Poverty Guidelines for LIHEAP Components

Note: The LIHEAP statute  (Section 2605(b)(2)(b) of Public Law 97- 35) established 150 percent of the poverty guidelines(FPG) as a maximum income level allowed in determining LIHEAP eligibility, except where 60 percent of a state's median income (SMI) is higher. Effective in FY 1995, income eligibility criteria for LIHEAP may not be set lower than 110 percent of the federal poverty income guidelines, but priority may be given to households with the highest energy costs or needs in relation to income. The federal government sets the poverty guidelines in February of every year and publishes them in the Federal Register.

States may adopt the year's new guidelines at any time between the date of publication in the Federal Register and the first day of the next fiscal year or by the beginning of the grantee's fiscal year, whichever is later. For LIHEAP, the majority of states use the prior year guidelines until the first day of the next fiscal year in order to avoid changing guidelines in the middle of their program year. Most states start their new fiscal year October 1; however, a few states start theirs July 1 and those states, along with several that operate summer cooling programs, adopt the most recent guidelines in June or July.

Tables: Income guidelines, optional in FFY 2017 and mandatory in FFY 2018.

The Percent of Poverty Table below shows the percent of federal poverty guidelines (FPG) or state's median income (SMI) used by states in determining eligibility for LIHEAP components in FY 2017. Although states can have a different poverty level for each component (crisis, cooling and weatherization) the majority use the same poverty level for all components.

State Heat Cool Crisis Wx Comment
Alabama
150 FPG
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Alaska
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Arizona
60 SMI
60 SMI
60 SMI
150 FPG for households with 7 or more members
Arkansas
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
California
60 SMI
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Colorado
165 FPG
 
Connecticut
60 SMI
200% FPG for "Other Crisis" assistance
Delaware
200 FPG
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
Dist. of Columbia
60 SMI
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Florida
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Georgia
60 SMI
200 FPG
 
Hawaii
150 FPG
 
Cooling and crisis programs
Idaho
150 FPG
 
Illinois
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Indiana
150 FPG
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Iowa
175 FPG
 
Kansas
130 FPG
200 FPG
 
Kentucky
130 FPG
 
Louisiana
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Maine
170 FPG
170 FPG
 
Maryland
175 FPG
200 FPG
 
Massachusetts
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Michigan
150 FPG  
 
Minnesota
60 SMI
50 SMI
Heating and crisis: 110 FPG for household size 14 and above
Mississippi
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Missouri
135 FPG
 
Montana
60 SMI
150 FPG for households with 8 or more members
Nebraska
130 FPG
130 FPG
 
Nevada
150 FPG
150 FPG
 150 FPG
 
New Hampshire
200 FPG
200 FPG
Crisis eligibility up to 60% SMI, if funds available
New Jersey
200 FPG
200 FPG
200 FPG
 
New Mexico
150 FPG
150 FPG
200 FPG
 
New York
60 SMI
60 SMI
60 SMI
150 FPG for household size greater than 10
North Carolina
 
North Dakota
60 SMI
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Ohio
60 SMI
 
Oklahoma
110 FPG
110 FPG
150 FPG or 60 SMI
LIHEAP-eligible households receive Wx first
Oregon
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Pennsylvania
150 FPG
 
Rhode Island
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
South Carolina
150 FPG
150 FPG
200 FPG
 
South Dakota
 
Tennessee
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Texas
150 FPG
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Utah
150 FPG
150 FPG
 
Vermont
150 FPG

60 SMI

 
Virginia
130 FPG
130 FPG
 
Washington
125 FPG
200 FPG exceeds 60 SMI for household size greater than 7
West Virginia
135 FPG
 
Wisconsin
60 SMI
60 SMI
 
Wyoming
60 SMI
60 SMI
 

Source: FY 2017 State LIHEAP Plans

2017/2018 Federal Poverty Guidelines for a Family Size of Four
Poverty Level
100%
110%
125%
150%
175%
200%
48 contiguous states and D.C. $24,600 $27,060 $30,750 $36,900 $43,170 $49,200
Alaska $30,750 $33,825 $38,825 $46,125 $53,813 $61,500
Hawaii $28,290 $31,119 $35,363 $42,435 $49,508 $56,580